General assumptions: Heavyweight variety.
Material is included.
Production is included.
Distribution is included.
Use is included.
End of life is not included.
We focus on carbon footprint (CO2e), the decisive factor affecting climate change. However, other dimensions should be taken in account before taking decisions, e.g. the water, the waste and the land footprint as well as the ethical perspective. Click here to learn more about CO2e.
Berners-Lee, M. (2011). How bad are bananas?: the carbon footprint of everything. Greystone Books. ISBN: 1553658329, 9781553658320
Berners-Lee, M. (2010). What's the carbon footprint of ... using a mobile phone? URL: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/green-living-blog/2010/jun/09/carbon-footprint-mobile-phone
Environment Agency (2006). Life cycle assessment of supermarket carrier bags: a review of the bags available in 2006 https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/291023/scho0711buan-e-e.pdf
Environment Group Research Report (2005). Proposed Plastic Bag Levy: Extended Impact Assessment. URL: https://www2.gov.scot/Resource/Doc/57346/0016899.pdf
Muthu, S. S., & Li, Y. (2014). Life cycle assessment of grocery shopping bags. In Assessment of Environmental Impact by Grocery Shopping Bags (pp. 15-54). Springer, Singapore. URL: http://www.bousteadusa.com/news/ACCPlasticBags.pdf
Mattila, T., Kujanpää, M., Dahlbo, H., Soukka, R., & Myllymaa, T. (2011). Uncertainty and sensitivity in the carbon footprint of shopping bags. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 15(2), 217-227. URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1530-9290.2010.00326.x