What is included?

General assumptions:


Material is included.


Production is included.


Partially, not for all ingredients.


Cooking is not included.

End of life

End of life is not included.


  1. Recipe from:

  2. ifeu - Institut fĂĽr Energie- und Umweltforschung Heidelberg gGmbH (2020). Ecological footprint of food and dishes in Germany. URL:

  3. Eat Organic Quote: Food’s Carbon Footprint (2020) Food’s Carbon Footprint. URL:

  4. Brooks, M., Foster, C., Holmes, M., & Wiltshire, J. (2011). Does consuming seasonal foods benefit the environment? Insights from recent research. Nutrition Bulletin, 36(4), 449-453. URL:

  5. DeWeerdt, S. (2009). Is local food better?. World Watch Magazine, 22(3), 6-10. URL:

  6. Wakeland, W., Cholette, S., & Venkat, K. (2012). Food transportation issues and reducing carbon footprint. In Green technologies in food production and processing (pp. 211-236). Springer, Boston, MA. URL:

  7. Vermeulen, S. J., Campbell, B. M., & Ingram, J. S. (2012). Climate change and food systems. Annual review of environment and resources, 37. URL:

  8. Virtanen, Y., Kurppa, S., Saarinen, M., Katajajuuri, J. M., Usva, K., Mäenpää, I., ... & Nissinen, A. (2011). Carbon footprint of food–approaches from national input–output statistics and a LCA of a food portion. Journal of Cleaner Production, 19(16), 1849-1856. URL:

  9. Scarborough, P., Appleby, P. N., Mizdrak, A., Briggs, A. D., Travis, R. C., Bradbury, K. E., & Key, T. J. (2014). Dietary greenhouse gas emissions of meat-eaters, fish-eaters, vegetarians and vegans in the UK. Climatic change, 125(2), 179-192. URL:


Sustainablity researchers making this input possible:

M.Sc. Environmental & Resource Management, Brandenburg University of Technology
BA.Sc. Global Sustainable Development, University of Warwick